Q. How long should you keep your financial documents?

A. Many of us become paperwork hoarders simply because we’re too afraid to toss anything out – what if we need that 2003 bank statement some day? The period after tax season is a perfect time to cull your files, toss out what’s not needed, and get everything in order. Here is a guide to what financial documents you need to keep and for how long.

1 month – or less

  • In general, keep your ATM, bank deposit and withdrawals, and credit card receipts until you reconcile them with your monthly statements (see exceptions below)
  • Check your monthly bank and credit card statements for errors, then discard
  • Enter your shopping receipts into your budget spreadsheet, then discard
  • Keep insurance policies until the new one arrives
  • Anything to be claimed on your next income tax return
  • Pay stubs to be reconciled with your T4

1 year

  • Internet, telephone and utility bills to compare rates and previous usage (unless writing off as an expense for your business in which case you’ll keep them with your tax records). Often potential home buyers will ask for utility usage so that information is good to have on hand

6 years

  • Income tax returns and any supporting documents, including receipts, cancelled cheques and bank statements as proof of any deductions or tax credits you claimed

Until paid or sold

  • Loan documents until you pay them off
  • Vehicle records as long as you own the vehicle
  • Annual mortgage statements and property title. Receipts for major home improvements or expensive household items (for insurance purposes) until the house is sold
  • Investment purchase confirmations until you sell the investment so you can establish your cost base and holding period
  • Keep product receipts until warranty has expired or you no longer own the item. If your credit card extends the warranty, keep the statement as proof of payment

Indefinitely

  • Birth, death and citizenship certificates, adoption records, marriage license, divorce decree, child custody orders
  • Social insurance card
  • Military discharge papers
  • Workplace pension plan documents – annual statements, investments chosen
  • Life insurance policies
  • Investment records, including prospectuses and original brokerage agreement
  • Wills, power of attorneys, and estate planning documents
  • Inventory of safety deposit box

Q. How do I organize my financial documents?

A. For immediate access, temporary (up to one year) receipts and statements can be kept in:

  • Expandable files – for a small number
  • Labelled files in desktop or portable file holders

If you have lots of paperwork use a file cabinet.

Important documents should be kept in a safety deposit box or fire-proof box at home (put in waterproof bags first). If possible, keep originals in one safe place and copies in another.

Consider scanning important documents and loading onto an external hard drive, or encrypted flash drive, or a secure online storage service. There are many records you don’t need to keep if you opt to receive e-bills or e-statements, and pay your bills online.

Q. What documents can you legally present as a scanned copy instead of the original?

Income tax documents may be in electronic format including digital images of paper documents. They must be readable and in a usable format to allow CRA auditors to process the records on CRA equipment.

  • Electronic records and contracts and digital signatures can be legally used.
  • Documents that verify your legal identity such as a birth certificate and citizenship certificate most often need to be originals. Sometimes a notarized “certified true copy” is acceptable

In any case, any paperwork with an original signature or a notary seal should never be discarded, even if you scan it.


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