I was 19 years old when I started saving for retirement. A small portion of every paycheque went into my RRSP, starting with $50 every two weeks and eventually increasing that amount to $200 per month.
While my intentions were in the right place, the reality is that putting retirement savings ahead of a multitude of short-term goals (many of which had yet to be identified) was a big mistake. Here’s why:
No short-term goals
It’s good practice to save a portion of your income for the future, even at a young age. The problem for me was that I was still in school and didn’t have a plan – I had no clue what I was saving for.
I had read The Wealthy Barber and The Millionaire Next Door and so I knew the earlier I started putting away money for retirement, the longer I’d have compound interest working on my side, and the bigger my nest egg would be.
Unfortunately, I was saving for retirement at the expense of any other short term goals, like paying off my student loans, getting married, taking a trip, buying a used car, or saving for a down payment on a house.
No short-term savings to fund those goals
Was an RRSP really the best savings vehicle for a 19-year-old who was making less than $20,000 a year part-time while going to school?
There were no real tax advantages to saving within an RRSP when I was in such a low tax bracket. I had tuition credits, and besides, I’m sure I blew my tax refunds anyway, so what was the point?
Granted, the tax free savings account hadn’t been introduced yet, but I would have been better off using a high interest savings account for my savings rather than blindly shoving money into my RRSP.
No clue about fees and tracking performance
Like a typical novice investor I used mutual funds to build my investment portfolio. I was encouraged by a bank-advisor to select a global equity mutual fund because, as I was told, it would deliver the highest returns over the long term.
What the bank advisor didn’t tell me was that the management expense ratio (MER) on some of those mutual funds can be 2.5 percent or more, and high fees would have a negative impact on my investment returns over the long run.
The bank advisor also didn’t tell me which benchmark the mutual fund was supposed to track (and attempt to beat) so whenever I got my statement in the mail it was impossible to determine how well my investments were performing compared to the rest of the market.
No choice but to sell
I didn’t have a good handle on my finances in my 20’s and often resorted to using credit cards to get by. With no budget or plan in place, and without any short-term savings to fall back on in case of emergency, I had no choice but to raid my RRSPs to pay off my credit card debt and get my finances back on track.
Taking money out of my RRSP early meant paying taxes up front. So when I withdrew $10,000 from my RRSP, the bank withheld $2,000 and I was left with $8,000. In addition to the withholding tax, I also had to report the full $10,000 withdrawal as taxable income that year.
Related: The beginner’s guide to RRSPs
While I can’t argue with my reasons for selling – raiding RRSP funds to pay off high interest debt wasn’t a horrible move – my dumb decisions beforehand cost me a lot of money and left me starting over from scratch.
Even worse, according to a CBC poll, is the 14 percent of Canadians who raided their RRSP to cover day-to-day living expenses and the 6 percent who took money out to pay for a vacation.
If I could start over again today I would take these four steps before deciding to save for retirement:
1. Create a budget – A budget is the foundation for responsible money management. Had I used a budget and tracked my expenses properly from an early age it’s more likely that I would have lived within my means and kept my spending under control.
2. Open a tax free savings account – Yes, the TFSA wasn’t around back then but for today’s youth it makes much more sense to save within your TFSA instead of your RRSP like I did. You can put up to $5,500 per year inside your TFSA and withdraw the money tax-free. You contribute with after-tax dollars, so you won’t get a tax refund, but you’ll likely be in a low tax bracket anyway, so contributing to an RRSP won’t give you much of a refund either.
3. Make a financial plan – We all have financial goals and even at a young age I should have identified some short-and-long term priorities to save toward. I’d take a three-pronged approach where I’d use a high interest savings account to fund my short term goals, my TFSA to fund mid-to-long term goals, and eventually open an RRSP to save for retirement. No doubt I’d be much further ahead today if I took this approach earlier in life.
4. Use index funds or ETFs – Now that I understand how destructive high fees can be to a portfolio, I’d want to build up my investments using low cost index funds or ETFs. The advantage to using index funds like TD e-Series is that you can make regular contributions at no cost while achieving market returns, minus a small fee. Some brokers also offer free commissions when you purchase ETFs, which can lower your costs even further.
There’s nothing wrong with saving for retirement at a young age – it’s important to save and retirement has to become a priority at some point in our lives. But we also need a financial plan to make sure we’re saving with a purpose, prioritizing our goals, and striking the right balance between our short and long term goals.