Financial Management By The Decade – The 30’s

When you get to your 30’s, trying to balance your finances can become overwhelming. Most people find themselves juggling responsibilities of buying a home, mortgage payments, paying for a wedding, starting a family, and somehow trying to save for retirement. You are still early in your career with growing demands at work, and the money is tight.

There are a lot of questions:

  • How big of a mortgage can we afford?
  • How much should we put towards or RRSPs and TFSAs?
  • How do we set up a RESP?

Without careful planning it can be easy to fritter away your paycheques.

Balance the present with the future

You need to clearly identify short-medium-and long-term goals to help you focus on what’s important now and what can wait, and then set up a plan to funnel your money where it’s needed the most.

Be realistic about what you can achieve. You can’t do everything at once. You may have to adjust your spending, especially if one parent is on maternity or paternity leave, with even less income coming in. Strike the right balance to use your income as effectively as possible. It makes no sense to try to save money for your kids’ education while you are still paying off your own student loans.

Make sure you talk about your finances and life goals with your spouse and be in alignment on how you will get there together. Focus on just one or two goals at a time.

Manage your debts

To some degree your 30’s are a time of debt accumulation rather than asset accumulation.

Don’t be maximizing your RRSPs while scrambling to make the mortgage payment, charging diapers and groceries to your credit card, or borrowing to pay for home repairs.

At this age you likely won’t be able to avoid debt entirely, so you need to manage it wisely. Avoid borrowing to buy consumable items – clothing, vacations, electronics, a car you can’t really afford – or carrying a balance on a high interest rate credit card. If you find yourself with a lot of debt make it a priority to pay it off as quickly as possible.

Buying a home

The average age of first time homebuyers is 36.

For most people a home will be the biggest purchase of their lives. A house appreciates over time and helps you build up equity provided you don’t buy more house than you can afford, and stick to a payment schedule you can manage.

Pay off mortgage or invest in RRSP’s? Personally, I would take advantage of long-term compounding by investing early. You can easily pay off your mortgage more quickly by increasing your payments (even 5-10% can make a difference) and/or choosing a rapid weekly or bi-weekly payment plan. Both will reduce your amortization.

But everyone is different. What motivates you more – no debt, or higher savings?

Take charge of your investments

The average age of starting to save for retirement is 32.

If you haven’t already done so, now is the time to educate yourself on basic investing and financial management.

If you are invested too conservatively your investments may not give you the long-term results you want to achieve. Conversely, if your investments are too risky, volatility may keep you up at night and you may undermine your efforts by making poor choices.

Don’t overlook other opportunities for free money in the workplace and workplace benefits. Sign up for a company pension plan. Find out if there are any RRSP plans that offer discounted management fees or matching contributions.

Discounted employee stock purchase plans should be looked into as well. However, don’t over-invest in your company, whether through employee stock purchase plans or stock options.

You need an emergency fund now

Having kids costs you more than you think. This, plus owning a home means plenty of unforeseen expenses – everything from car repairs, to a leaky roof, to braces.

Plan for emergencies and try to build up a cash cushion – 3-6 months of easily accessible funds set aside is nice to have, but you may choose to have an unused line of credit available instead.

Protect yourself and your family

If you live alone, chances are you don’t need life insurance. But, if you have a spouse and a young family who depend on your earnings, you need to ensure their financial security. Buying term life insurance for you and your spouse can bring you peace of mind.

Perhaps more importantly at this time is to make sure you have some disability insurance. Coverage is a staple in many employee benefit packages. Take as much as is offered, or look to an outside provider. Disability insurance is probably more vital at this age than life insurance.

Have you named a guardian for your kids in your will? You want to make sure your young children are looked after according to your wishes.

Financial takeaway for your thirties – Finding the right balance.

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  1. Big Cajun Man (AW) on November 25, 2015 at 6:06 am

    The “protect yourself and your family” is an important epiphany to have. Yes you need life insurance, but if you are a sole bread-winner you better make sure you have long term disability of some kind as well (or a plan to deal with a lack of income due to a catastrophic illness).

    I think the 30’s are when you start figuring out you are mortal.

    • boomer on November 25, 2015 at 2:00 pm

      @BCM: My situation is a bit different from the post. We purchased our first house when we were 22/24 and had had our children by the time I was 25. I went back to work when our mortgage renewed at a 7% higher interest rate. At 31, my husband had a major accident at work – no disability insurance – that set our finances into a tailspin which, after all these years, we have not fully recovered from.

      So, I would like to impress on this young generation, don’t think you can’t afford the premiums, and don’t think it can’t happen to you.

  2. Joe on November 25, 2015 at 6:26 am

    Great post guys. As someone in their 30’s this was a nice ‘refresher’ for me. I think Big Cajun Man’s comment was spot on. In my 20’s I was full of piss and vinegar. For some reason the day I tuned 30 I started to become more concerned with the future.

    Have a good one

  3. KC on November 25, 2015 at 9:16 am

    This is actually good timing as I’ll be meeting with my financial advisor next week to discuss my plan.

    Like the above, I’m trying to find that good balance to continue saving for future (and playing catch-up while I still can), saving up for wedding next year and possibly buying a house (so definitely need short-term funds) and prepare for kids in about 2 years.

    The disability insurance is definitely a big one. I’ve seen a few friends become permanently disabled and struggling to cover their living expenses. I do have one at work but I still cannot figure out what the payout is thanks to this complex formula (even the office manager has a hard time figuring it out which leads me to believe that I may have trouble claiming this in the future) so I’m thinking of getting an outside provider instead where the number is concrete.

    • boomer on November 26, 2015 at 12:52 pm

      Hi KC: Talk to your benefits administrator instead of your office manager. Contact information should be on your benefits package. I’ll bet she’ll be thrilled to actually discuss this with someone since hardly anyone ever looks at their plans.

  4. Joel on November 25, 2015 at 2:52 pm

    Can anyone recommend a low rate term life insurance provider in Canada that does not require a medical exam? Thanks in advance.

    • rando on December 1, 2015 at 11:51 am

      @Joel: take the exams. No-medical insurance is expensive, and you still have to state known illnesses. Moreover, some do the risk assessment at the time of death, which could mean a refusal to pay even if you were accepted and you are fully paid-up.

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